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Software Testing Romania


Metode de Testare

functional testing
Testare de tip black box canalizata pe verificarea cerintelor functionale ale aplicatiei; acest tip de testare trebuie facut de testeri. Asta nu inseamna ca programatorii nu ar trebui sa isi verifice codul (asta fireste se aplica oricarui stadiu al testarii)
Black box testing
Nu se bazeaza pe cunoasterea interna a design-ului sau a codului . Testele sunt bazate pe cerinte si functionalitate
White box testing
Se bazeaza pe cunoasterea logicii interne a codului aplicatiei. Testele sunt bazate pe acoperirea sintaxei de cod, ramuri, cai, conditii.
Testarea Functionala
unit testing
Prima treapta a testarii ; se testeaza functiile sau module de cod . De obicei sunt facute de programatori deoarece presupun cunostinte avansate a design-ului intern al aplicatiei si codului. Nu intotdeauna sunt usor de executat daca aplicatia nu are o arhitectura bine pusa la punct; poate presupune dezvoltarea de drivere sau stub-uri
integration testing
Testarea combinata a diferitelor parti dintr-o aplicatie pentru a vedea daca functioneaza corect. Aceste "parti" pot fi module de cod, aplicatii individuale, aplicatii client-server intr-o retea etc.
system testing
testare de tip black-box bazata pe specificatii care acopera toate partile sistemului.
user acceptance testing
determina daca software-ul este satisfacator pentru un end-user sau client.
usability testing
Testarea daca un software este "user-friendly". Evident aceasta testare este subiectiva si va depinde de utilizatorul sau clientul vizat. Interviuri cu utilizatorii, survey-uri, monitorizarea sesiunilor utilizatorilor sunt metode care pot fi folosite. Programatorii si testerii nu sunt cei mai indicati pentru acest tip de testare.
install/uninstall testing
testarea partiala sau integrala a procesului de instalare sau upgrade.
end-to-end testing
similar cu system testing; este testare de nivel 'macro' ; presupune testarea aplicatiei in mediul in care va fi folosita.
sanity testing or smoke testing
typically an initial testing effort to determine if a new software version is performing well enough to accept it for a major testing effort. For example, if the new software is crashing systems every 5 minutes, bogging down systems to a crawl, or corrupting databases, the software may not be in a 'sane' enough condition to warrant further testing in its current state
regression testing
re-testing after fixes or modifications of the software or its environment. It can be difficult to determine how much re-testing is needed, especially near the end of the development cycle. Automated testing tools can be especially useful for this type of testing.
acceptance testing
final testing based on specifications of the end-user or customer, or based on use by end-users/customers over some limited period of time.
compatability testing
 testing how well software performs in a particular hardware/software/operating system/network/etc. environment
 NonFunctional Testing
performance testing
 term often used interchangeably with 'stress' and 'load' testing. Ideally 'performance' testing (and any other 'type' of testing) is defined in requirements documentation or QA or Test Plans
stress testing
term often used interchangeably with 'load' and 'performance' testing. Also used to describe such tests as system functional testing while under unusually heavy loads, heavy repetition of certain actions or inputs, input of large numerical values, large complex queries to a database system, etc.
load testing
testing an application under heavy loads, such as testing of a web site under a range of loads to determine at what point the system's response time degrades or fails.
recovery testing
testing how well a system recovers from crashes, hardware failures, or other catastrophic problems
failover testing
- typically used interchangeably with 'recovery testing'
security testing
- testing how well the system protects against unauthorized internal or external access, willful damage, etc; may require sophisticated testing techniques.
 Other Testing Methods
exploratory testing
often taken to mean a creative, informal software test that is not based on formal test plans or test cases; testers may be learning the software as they test it.
ad-hoc testing
similar to exploratory testing, but often taken to mean that the testers have significant understanding of the software before testing it.
context-driven testing
• - testing driven by an understanding of the environment, culture, and intended use of software. For example, the testing approach for life-critical medical equipment software would be completely different than that for a low-cost computer game.
comparison testing
comparing software weaknesses and strengths to competing products.
alpha testing
testing of an application when development is nearing completion; minor design changes may still be made as a result of such testing. Typically done by end-users or others, not by programmers or testers.
beta testing
testing when development and testing are essentially completed and final bugs and problems need to be found before final release. Typically done by end-users or others, not by programmers or testers
mutation testing
a method for determining if a set of test data or test cases is useful, by deliberately introducing various code changes ('bugs') and retesting with the original test data/cases to determine if the 'bugs' are detected. Proper implementation requires large computational resources.


Benefits of Outsourcing    
Automated Testing vs Manual Testing
De ce sa Automatizezi?